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Dragonchain Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off Public Proposal

Dragonchain Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off Public Proposal

Dragonchain Public Proposal TL;DR:

Dragonchain has demonstrated twice Reddit’s entire total daily volume (votes, comments, and posts per Reddit 2019 Year in Review) in a 24-hour demo on an operational network. Every single transaction on Dragonchain is decentralized immediately through 5 levels of Dragon Net, and then secured with combined proof on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and Binance Chain, via Interchain. At the time, in January 2020, the entire cost of the demo was approximately $25K on a single system (transaction fees locked at $0.0001/txn). With current fees (lowest fee $0.0000025/txn), this would cost as little as $625.
Watch Joe walk through the entire proposal and answer questions on YouTube.
This proposal is also available on the Dragonchain blog.

Hello Reddit and Ethereum community!

I’m Joe Roets, Founder & CEO of Dragonchain. When the team and I first heard about The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off we were intrigued. We believe we have the solutions Reddit seeks for its community points system and we have them at scale.
For your consideration, we have submitted our proposal below. The team at Dragonchain and I welcome and look forward to your technical questions, philosophical feedback, and fair criticism, to build a scaling solution for Reddit that will empower its users. Because our architecture is unlike other blockchain platforms out there today, we expect to receive many questions while people try to grasp our project. I will answer all questions here in this thread on Reddit, and I've answered some questions in the stream on YouTube.
We have seen good discussions so far in the competition. We hope that Reddit’s scaling solution will emerge from The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off and that Reddit will have great success with the implementation.

Executive summary

Dragonchain is a robust open source hybrid blockchain platform that has proven to withstand the passing of time since our inception in 2014. We have continued to evolve to harness the scalability of private nodes, yet take full advantage of the security of public decentralized networks, like Ethereum. We have a live, operational, and fully functional Interchain network integrating Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and ~700 independent Dragonchain nodes. Every transaction is secured to Ethereum, Bitcoin, and Ethereum Classic. Transactions are immediately usable on chain, and the first decentralization is seen within 20 seconds on Dragon Net. Security increases further to public networks ETH, BTC, and ETC within 10 minutes to 2 hours. Smart contracts can be written in any executable language, offering full freedom to existing developers. We invite any developer to watch the demo, play with our SDK’s, review open source code, and to help us move forward. Dragonchain specializes in scalable loyalty & rewards solutions and has built a decentralized social network on chain, with very affordable transaction costs. This experience can be combined with the insights Reddit and the Ethereum community have gained in the past couple of months to roll out the solution at a rapid pace.

Response and PoC

In The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off post, Reddit has asked for a series of demonstrations, requirements, and other considerations. In this section, we will attempt to answer all of these requests.

Live Demo

A live proof of concept showing hundreds of thousands of transactions
On Jan 7, 2020, Dragonchain hosted a 24-hour live demonstration during which a quarter of a billion (250 million+) transactions executed fully on an operational network. Every single transaction on Dragonchain is decentralized immediately through 5 levels of Dragon Net, and then secured with combined proof on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and Binance Chain, via Interchain. This means that every single transaction is secured by, and traceable to these networks. An attack on this system would require a simultaneous attack on all of the Interchained networks.
24 hours in 4 minutes (YouTube):
24 hours in 4 minutes
The demonstration was of a single business system, and any user is able to scale this further, by running multiple systems simultaneously. Our goals for the event were to demonstrate a consistent capacity greater than that of Visa over an extended time period.
Tooling to reproduce our demo is available here:
https://github.com/dragonchain/spirit-bomb

Source Code

Source code (for on & off-chain components as well tooling used for the PoC). The source code does not have to be shared publicly, but if Reddit decides to use a particular solution it will need to be shared with Reddit at some point.

Scaling

How it works & scales

Architectural Scaling

Dragonchain’s architecture attacks the scalability issue from multiple angles. Dragonchain is a hybrid blockchain platform, wherein every transaction is protected on a business node to the requirements of that business or purpose. A business node may be held completely private or may be exposed or replicated to any level of exposure desired.
Every node has its own blockchain and is independently scalable. Dragonchain established Context Based Verification as its consensus model. Every transaction is immediately usable on a trust basis, and in time is provable to an increasing level of decentralized consensus. A transaction will have a level of decentralization to independently owned and deployed Dragonchain nodes (~700 nodes) within seconds, and full decentralization to BTC and ETH within minutes or hours. Level 5 nodes (Interchain nodes) function to secure all transactions to public or otherwise external chains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. These nodes scale the system by aggregating multiple blocks into a single Interchain transaction on a cadence. This timing is configurable based upon average fees for each respective chain. For detailed information about Dragonchain’s architecture, and Context Based Verification, please refer to the Dragonchain Architecture Document.

Economic Scaling

An interesting feature of Dragonchain’s network consensus is its economics and scarcity model. Since Dragon Net nodes (L2-L4) are independent staking nodes, deployment to cloud platforms would allow any of these nodes to scale to take on a large percentage of the verification work. This is great for scalability, but not good for the economy, because there is no scarcity, and pricing would develop a downward spiral and result in fewer verification nodes. For this reason, Dragonchain uses TIME as scarcity.
TIME is calculated as the number of Dragons held, multiplied by the number of days held. TIME influences the user’s access to features within the Dragonchain ecosystem. It takes into account both the Dragon balance and length of time each Dragon is held. TIME is staked by users against every verification node and dictates how much of the transaction fees are awarded to each participating node for every block.
TIME also dictates the transaction fee itself for the business node. TIME is staked against a business node to set a deterministic transaction fee level (see transaction fee table below in Cost section). This is very interesting in a discussion about scaling because it guarantees independence for business implementation. No matter how much traffic appears on the entire network, a business is guaranteed to not see an increased transaction fee rate.

Scaled Deployment

Dragonchain uses Docker and Kubernetes to allow the use of best practices traditional system scaling. Dragonchain offers managed nodes with an easy to use web based console interface. The user may also deploy a Dragonchain node within their own datacenter or favorite cloud platform. Users have deployed Dragonchain nodes on-prem on Amazon AWS, Google Cloud, MS Azure, and other hosting platforms around the world. Any executable code, anything you can write, can be written into a smart contract. This flexibility is what allows us to say that developers with no blockchain experience can use any code language to access the benefits of blockchain. Customers have used NodeJS, Python, Java, and even BASH shell script to write smart contracts on Dragonchain.
With Docker containers, we achieve better separation of concerns, faster deployment, higher reliability, and lower response times.
We chose Kubernetes for its self-healing features, ability to run multiple services on one server, and its large and thriving development community. It is resilient, scalable, and automated. OpenFaaS allows us to package smart contracts as Docker images for easy deployment.
Contract deployment time is now bounded only by the size of the Docker image being deployed but remains fast even for reasonably large images. We also take advantage of Docker’s flexibility and its ability to support any language that can run on x86 architecture. Any image, public or private, can be run as a smart contract using Dragonchain.

Flexibility in Scaling

Dragonchain’s architecture considers interoperability and integration as key features. From inception, we had a goal to increase adoption via integration with real business use cases and traditional systems.
We envision the ability for Reddit, in the future, to be able to integrate alternate content storage platforms or other financial services along with the token.
  • LBRY - To allow users to deploy content natively to LBRY
  • MakerDAO to allow users to lend small amounts backed by their Reddit community points.
  • STORJ/SIA to allow decentralized on chain storage of portions of content. These integrations or any other are relatively easy to integrate on Dragonchain with an Interchain implementation.

Cost

Cost estimates (on-chain and off-chain) For the purpose of this proposal, we assume that all transactions are on chain (posts, replies, and votes).
On the Dragonchain network, transaction costs are deterministic/predictable. By staking TIME on the business node (as described above) Reddit can reduce transaction costs to as low as $0.0000025 per transaction.
Dragonchain Fees Table

Getting Started

How to run it
Building on Dragonchain is simple and requires no blockchain experience. Spin up a business node (L1) in our managed environment (AWS), run it in your own cloud environment, or on-prem in your own datacenter. Clear documentation will walk you through the steps of spinning up your first Dragonchain Level 1 Business node.
Getting started is easy...
  1. Download Dragonchain’s dctl
  2. Input three commands into a terminal
  3. Build an image
  4. Run it
More information can be found in our Get started documents.

Architecture
Dragonchain is an open source hybrid platform. Through Dragon Net, each chain combines the power of a public blockchain (like Ethereum) with the privacy of a private blockchain.
Dragonchain organizes its network into five separate levels. A Level 1, or business node, is a totally private blockchain only accessible through the use of public/private keypairs. All business logic, including smart contracts, can be executed on this node directly and added to the chain.
After creating a block, the Level 1 business node broadcasts a version stripped of sensitive private data to Dragon Net. Three Level 2 Validating nodes validate the transaction based on guidelines determined from the business. A Level 3 Diversity node checks that the level 2 nodes are from a diverse array of locations. A Level 4 Notary node, hosted by a KYC partner, then signs the validation record received from the Level 3 node. The transaction hash is ledgered to the Level 5 public chain to take advantage of the hash power of massive public networks.
Dragon Net can be thought of as a “blockchain of blockchains”, where every level is a complete private blockchain. Because an L1 can send to multiple nodes on a single level, proof of existence is distributed among many places in the network. Eventually, proof of existence reaches level 5 and is published on a public network.

API Documentation

APIs (on chain & off)

SDK Source

Nobody’s Perfect

Known issues or tradeoffs
  • Dragonchain is open source and even though the platform is easy enough for developers to code in any language they are comfortable with, we do not have so large a developer community as Ethereum. We would like to see the Ethereum developer community (and any other communities) become familiar with our SDK’s, our solutions, and our platform, to unlock the full potential of our Ethereum Interchain. Long ago we decided to prioritize both Bitcoin and Ethereum Interchains. We envision an ecosystem that encompasses different projects to give developers the ability to take full advantage of all the opportunities blockchain offers to create decentralized solutions not only for Reddit but for all of our current platforms and systems. We believe that together we will take the adoption of blockchain further. We currently have additional Interchain with Ethereum Classic. We look forward to Interchain with other blockchains in the future. We invite all blockchains projects who believe in decentralization and security to Interchain with Dragonchain.
  • While we only have 700 nodes compared to 8,000 Ethereum and 10,000 Bitcoin nodes. We harness those 18,000 nodes to scale to extremely high levels of security. See Dragonchain metrics.
  • Some may consider the centralization of Dragonchain’s business nodes as an issue at first glance, however, the model is by design to protect business data. We do not consider this a drawback as these nodes can make any, none, or all data public. Depending upon the implementation, every subreddit could have control of its own business node, for potential business and enterprise offerings, bringing new alternative revenue streams to Reddit.

Costs and resources

Summary of cost & resource information for both on-chain & off-chain components used in the PoC, as well as cost & resource estimates for further scaling. If your PoC is not on mainnet, make note of any mainnet caveats (such as congestion issues).
Every transaction on the PoC system had a transaction fee of $0.0001 (one-hundredth of a cent USD). At 256MM transactions, the demo cost $25,600. With current operational fees, the same demonstration would cost $640 USD.
For the demonstration, to achieve throughput to mimic a worldwide payments network, we modeled several clients in AWS and 4-5 business nodes to handle the traffic. The business nodes were tuned to handle higher throughput by adjusting memory and machine footprint on AWS. This flexibility is valuable to implementing a system such as envisioned by Reddit. Given that Reddit’s daily traffic (posts, replies, and votes) is less than half that of our demo, we would expect that the entire Reddit system could be handled on 2-5 business nodes using right-sized containers on AWS or similar environments.
Verification was accomplished on the operational Dragon Net network with over 700 independently owned verification nodes running around the world at no cost to the business other than paid transaction fees.

Requirements

Scaling

This PoC should scale to the numbers below with minimal costs (both on & off-chain). There should also be a clear path to supporting hundreds of millions of users.
Over a 5 day period, your scaling PoC should be able to handle:
*100,000 point claims (minting & distributing points) *25,000 subscriptions *75,000 one-off points burning *100,000 transfers
During Dragonchain’s 24 hour demo, the above required numbers were reached within the first few minutes.
Reddit’s total activity is 9000% more than Ethereum’s total transaction level. Even if you do not include votes, it is still 700% more than Ethereum’s current volume. Dragonchain has demonstrated that it can handle 250 million transactions a day, and it’s architecture allows for multiple systems to work at that level simultaneously. In our PoC, we demonstrate double the full capacity of Reddit, and every transaction was proven all the way to Bitcoin and Ethereum.
Reddit Scaling on Ethereum

Decentralization

Solutions should not depend on any single third-party provider. We prefer solutions that do not depend on specific entities such as Reddit or another provider, and solutions with no single point of control or failure in off-chain components but recognize there are numerous trade-offs to consider
Dragonchain’s architecture calls for a hybrid approach. Private business nodes hold the sensitive data while the validation and verification of transactions for the business are decentralized within seconds and secured to public blockchains within 10 minutes to 2 hours. Nodes could potentially be controlled by owners of individual subreddits for more organic decentralization.
  • Billing is currently centralized - there is a path to federation and decentralization of a scaled billing solution.
  • Operational multi-cloud
  • Operational on-premises capabilities
  • Operational deployment to any datacenter
  • Over 700 independent Community Verification Nodes with proof of ownership
  • Operational Interchain (Interoperable to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Ethereum Classic, open to more)

Usability Scaling solutions should have a simple end user experience.

Users shouldn't have to maintain any extra state/proofs, regularly monitor activity, keep track of extra keys, or sign anything other than their normal transactions
Dragonchain and its customers have demonstrated extraordinary usability as a feature in many applications, where users do not need to know that the system is backed by a live blockchain. Lyceum is one of these examples, where the progress of academy courses is being tracked, and successful completion of courses is rewarded with certificates on chain. Our @Save_The_Tweet bot is popular on Twitter. When used with one of the following hashtags - #please, #blockchain, #ThankYou, or #eternalize the tweet is saved through Eternal to multiple blockchains. A proof report is available for future reference. Other examples in use are DEN, our decentralized social media platform, and our console, where users can track their node rewards, view their TIME, and operate a business node.
Examples:

Transactions complete in a reasonable amount of time (seconds or minutes, not hours or days)
All transactions are immediately usable on chain by the system. A transaction begins the path to decentralization at the conclusion of a 5-second block when it gets distributed across 5 separate community run nodes. Full decentralization occurs within 10 minutes to 2 hours depending on which interchain (Bitcoin, Ethereum, or Ethereum Classic) the transaction hits first. Within approximately 2 hours, the combined hash power of all interchained blockchains secures the transaction.

Free to use for end users (no gas fees, or fixed/minimal fees that Reddit can pay on their behalf)
With transaction pricing as low as $0.0000025 per transaction, it may be considered reasonable for Reddit to cover transaction fees for users.
All of Reddit's Transactions on Blockchain (month)
Community points can be earned by users and distributed directly to their Reddit account in batch (as per Reddit minting plan), and allow users to withdraw rewards to their Ethereum wallet whenever they wish. Withdrawal fees can be paid by either user or Reddit. This model has been operating inside the Dragonchain system since 2018, and many security and financial compliance features can be optionally added. We feel that this capability greatly enhances user experience because it is seamless to a regular user without cryptocurrency experience, yet flexible to a tech savvy user. With regard to currency or token transactions, these would occur on the Reddit network, verified to BTC and ETH. These transactions would incur the $0.0000025 transaction fee. To estimate this fee we use the monthly active Reddit users statista with a 60% adoption rate and an estimated 10 transactions per month average resulting in an approximate $720 cost across the system. Reddit could feasibly incur all associated internal network charges (mining/minting, transfer, burn) as these are very low and controllable fees.
Reddit Internal Token Transaction Fees

Reddit Ethereum Token Transaction Fees
When we consider further the Ethereum fees that might be incurred, we have a few choices for a solution.
  1. Offload all Ethereum transaction fees (user withdrawals) to interested users as they wish to withdraw tokens for external use or sale.
  2. Cover Ethereum transaction fees by aggregating them on a timed schedule. Users would request withdrawal (from Reddit or individual subreddits), and they would be transacted on the Ethereum network every hour (or some other schedule).
  3. In a combination of the above, customers could cover aggregated fees.
  4. Integrate with alternate Ethereum roll up solutions or other proposals to aggregate minting and distribution transactions onto Ethereum.

Bonus Points

Users should be able to view their balances & transactions via a blockchain explorer-style interface
From interfaces for users who have no knowledge of blockchain technology to users who are well versed in blockchain terms such as those present in a typical block explorer, a system powered by Dragonchain has flexibility on how to provide balances and transaction data to users. Transactions can be made viewable in an Eternal Proof Report, which displays raw data along with TIME staking information and traceability all the way to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and every other Interchained network. The report shows fields such as transaction ID, timestamp, block ID, multiple verifications, and Interchain proof. See example here.
Node payouts within the Dragonchain console are listed in chronological order and can be further seen in either Dragons or USD. See example here.
In our social media platform, Dragon Den, users can see, in real-time, their NRG and MTR balances. See example here.
A new influencer app powered by Dragonchain, Raiinmaker, breaks down data into a user friendly interface that shows coin portfolio, redeemed rewards, and social scores per campaign. See example here.

Exiting is fast & simple
Withdrawing funds on Dragonchain’s console requires three clicks, however, withdrawal scenarios with more enhanced security features per Reddit’s discretion are obtainable.

Interoperability Compatibility with third party apps (wallets/contracts/etc) is necessary.
Proven interoperability at scale that surpasses the required specifications. Our entire platform consists of interoperable blockchains connected to each other and traditional systems. APIs are well documented. Third party permissions are possible with a simple smart contract without the end user being aware. No need to learn any specialized proprietary language. Any code base (not subsets) is usable within a Docker container. Interoperable with any blockchain or traditional APIs. We’ve witnessed relatively complex systems built by engineers with no blockchain or cryptocurrency experience. We’ve also demonstrated the creation of smart contracts within minutes built with BASH shell and Node.js. Please see our source code and API documentation.

Scaling solutions should be extensible and allow third parties to build on top of it Open source and extensible
APIs should be well documented and stable

Documentation should be clear and complete
For full documentation, explore our docs, SDK’s, Github repo’s, architecture documents, original Disney documentation, and other links or resources provided in this proposal.

Third-party permissionless integrations should be possible & straightforward Smart contracts are Docker based, can be written in any language, use full language (not subsets), and can therefore be integrated with any system including traditional system APIs. Simple is better. Learning an uncommon or proprietary language should not be necessary.
Advanced knowledge of mathematics, cryptography, or L2 scaling should not be required. Compatibility with common utilities & toolchains is expected.
Dragonchain business nodes and smart contracts leverage Docker to allow the use of literally any language or executable code. No proprietary language is necessary. We’ve witnessed relatively complex systems built by engineers with no blockchain or cryptocurrency experience. We’ve also demonstrated the creation of smart contracts within minutes built with BASH shell and Node.js.

Bonus

Bonus Points: Show us how it works. Do you have an idea for a cool new use case for Community Points? Build it!

TIME

Community points could be awarded to Reddit users based upon TIME too, whereas the longer someone is part of a subreddit, the more community points someone naturally gained, even if not actively commenting or sharing new posts. A daily login could be required for these community points to be credited. This grants awards to readers too and incentivizes readers to create an account on Reddit if they browse the website often. This concept could also be leveraged to provide some level of reputation based upon duration and consistency of contribution to a community subreddit.

Dragon Den

Dragonchain has already built a social media platform that harnesses community involvement. Dragon Den is a decentralized community built on the Dragonchain blockchain platform. Dragon Den is Dragonchain’s answer to fake news, trolling, and censorship. It incentivizes the creation and evaluation of quality content within communities. It could be described as being a shareholder of a subreddit or Reddit in its entirety. The more your subreddit is thriving, the more rewarding it will be. Den is currently in a public beta and in active development, though the real token economy is not live yet. There are different tokens for various purposes. Two tokens are Lair Ownership Rights (LOR) and Lair Ownership Tokens (LOT). LOT is a non-fungible token for ownership of a specific Lair. LOT will only be created and converted from LOR.
Energy (NRG) and Matter (MTR) work jointly. Your MTR determines how much NRG you receive in a 24-hour period. Providing quality content, or evaluating content will earn MTR.

Security. Users have full ownership & control of their points.
All community points awarded based upon any type of activity or gift, are secured and provable to all Interchain networks (currently BTC, ETH, ETC). Users are free to spend and withdraw their points as they please, depending on the features Reddit wants to bring into production.

Balances and transactions cannot be forged, manipulated, or blocked by Reddit or anyone else
Users can withdraw their balance to their ERC20 wallet, directly through Reddit. Reddit can cover the fees on their behalf, or the user covers this with a portion of their balance.

Users should own their points and be able to get on-chain ERC20 tokens without permission from anyone else
Through our console users can withdraw their ERC20 rewards. This can be achieved on Reddit too. Here is a walkthrough of our console, though this does not show the quick withdrawal functionality, a user can withdraw at any time. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNlTMxnfVHw

Points should be recoverable to on-chain ERC20 tokens even if all third-parties involved go offline
If necessary, signed transactions from the Reddit system (e.g. Reddit + Subreddit) can be sent to the Ethereum smart contract for minting.

A public, third-party review attesting to the soundness of the design should be available
To our knowledge, at least two large corporations, including a top 3 accounting firm, have conducted positive reviews. These reviews have never been made public, as Dragonchain did not pay or contract for these studies to be released.

Bonus points
Public, third-party implementation review available or in progress
See above

Compatibility with HSMs & hardware wallets
For the purpose of this proposal, all tokenization would be on the Ethereum network using standard token contracts and as such, would be able to leverage all hardware wallet and Ethereum ecosystem services.

Other Considerations

Minting/distributing tokens is not performed by Reddit directly
This operation can be automated by smart contract on Ethereum. Subreddits can if desired have a role to play.

One off point burning, as well as recurring, non-interactive point burning (for subreddit memberships) should be possible and scalable
This is possible and scalable with interaction between Dragonchain Reddit system and Ethereum token contract(s).

Fully open-source solutions are strongly preferred
Dragonchain is fully open source (see section on Disney release after conclusion).

Conclusion

Whether it is today, or in the future, we would like to work together to bring secure flexibility to the highest standards. It is our hope to be considered by Ethereum, Reddit, and other integrative solutions so we may further discuss the possibilities of implementation. In our public demonstration, 256 million transactions were handled in our operational network on chain in 24 hours, for the low cost of $25K, which if run today would cost $625. Dragonchain’s interoperable foundation provides the atmosphere necessary to implement a frictionless community points system. Thank you for your consideration of our proposal. We look forward to working with the community to make something great!

Disney Releases Blockchain Platform as Open Source

The team at Disney created the Disney Private Blockchain Platform. The system was a hybrid interoperable blockchain platform for ledgering and smart contract development geared toward solving problems with blockchain adoption and usability. All objective evaluation would consider the team’s output a success. We released a list of use cases that we explored in some capacity at Disney, and our input on blockchain standardization as part of our participation in the W3C Blockchain Community Group.
https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-blockchain/2016May/0052.html

Open Source

In 2016, Roets proposed to release the platform as open source to spread the technology outside of Disney, as others within the W3C group were interested in the solutions that had been created inside of Disney.
Following a long process, step by step, the team met requirements for release. Among the requirements, the team had to:
  • Obtain VP support and approval for the release
  • Verify ownership of the software to be released
  • Verify that no proprietary content would be released
  • Convince the organization that there was a value to the open source community
  • Convince the organization that there was a value to Disney
  • Offer the plan for ongoing maintenance of the project outside of Disney
  • Itemize competing projects
  • Verify no conflict of interest
  • Preferred license
  • Change the project name to not use the name Disney, any Disney character, or any other associated IP - proposed Dragonchain - approved
  • Obtain legal approval
  • Approval from corporate, parks, and other business units
  • Approval from multiple Disney patent groups Copyright holder defined by Disney (Disney Connected and Advanced Technologies)
  • Trademark searches conducted for the selected name Dragonchain
  • Obtain IT security approval
  • Manual review of OSS components conducted
  • OWASP Dependency and Vulnerability Check Conducted
  • Obtain technical (software) approval
  • Offer management, process, and financial plans for the maintenance of the project.
  • Meet list of items to be addressed before release
  • Remove all Disney project references and scripts
  • Create a public distribution list for email communications
  • Remove Roets’ direct and internal contact information
  • Create public Slack channel and move from Disney slack channels
  • Create proper labels for issue tracking
  • Rename internal private Github repository
  • Add informative description to Github page
  • Expand README.md with more specific information
  • Add information beyond current “Blockchains are Magic”
  • Add getting started sections and info on cloning/forking the project
  • Add installation details
  • Add uninstall process
  • Add unit, functional, and integration test information
  • Detail how to contribute and get involved
  • Describe the git workflow that the project will use
  • Move to public, non-Disney git repository (Github or Bitbucket)
  • Obtain Disney Open Source Committee approval for release
On top of meeting the above criteria, as part of the process, the maintainer of the project had to receive the codebase on their own personal email and create accounts for maintenance (e.g. Github) with non-Disney accounts. Given the fact that the project spanned multiple business units, Roets was individually responsible for its ongoing maintenance. Because of this, he proposed in the open source application to create a non-profit organization to hold the IP and maintain the project. This was approved by Disney.
The Disney Open Source Committee approved the application known as OSSRELEASE-10, and the code was released on October 2, 2016. Disney decided to not issue a press release.
Original OSSRELASE-10 document

Dragonchain Foundation

The Dragonchain Foundation was created on January 17, 2017. https://den.social/l/Dragonchain/24130078352e485d96d2125082151cf0/dragonchain-and-disney/
submitted by j0j0r0 to ethereum [link] [comments]

Weekly Dev Update #17

THORChain Weekly Dev Update for Week 12–18 Nov 2019

![](https://miro.medium.com/max/2880/1*Fy-NCZAKhgbZmE-iEIQChQ.png)

Recent Changes

Some recent updates to the protocol:

Update to Emission

The first iteration of the block reward scheme was announced in the previous weekly update. An immediate concern raised from the community was that the emission was too aggressive in the initial year and rewards dropped off fast beyond the 5 year mark. Taking Bitcoin’s emission as an example, the emission curve has been updated to target 2% emission after 10 years.
![](https://miro.medium.com/max/2384/1*gqBLvJOl2G4n3IHW1rViKg.png)
The Block Reward equation is given by the following recurrence equation: g(n+2) = ((R - (g(n+1) + g(n))) / x) / y Which evaluates to: ![](https://miro.medium.com/max/1624/1*ttpsRd7HUs2-7hvDGO6elg.png) where: R = Reserve, x = 6 (Arbitrary Emission Factor) y = (seconds per day / seconds per block) / days per year y = (86400 / 5) * 365.2425 The final curve thus has a Day 0 emission of 25%, Year 1 emission of 20% and Year 10 emission of 2%.

ChaosNet

The original plan for BEPSwap (prior to the Yggdrasil liquidity breakthrough) was to have it as a separate mainnet before launching the real THORChain in 2020 with cross-chain support. Now THORChain has in-built cross-chain support and a clear roadmap to 99 nodes. This means the mainnet launch will have public, community-run nodes at the start. The community has been fielding many questions about how to run a node, and the mechanics in doing so. Since the THORChain team will not be running any nodes, it is necessary to have a full-rehearsal with the community at launch. As such, the plan is for a public ChaosNet on 03 January 2020. ChaosNet will have the following key differences: * Minimum bond of 100k RUNE. * Maximum of 12 Nodes. * Churn cycle of 1 day. * Maximum stake amount of 600k RUNE total. * 2.7m RUNE Protocol Reserve to emit Bond and Stake rewards. * Hard-coded Ragnorök at 6 weeks.
Any member who wishes to join ChaosNet to get accustomed to running a node can do so, and will receive Block Rewards roughly equivalent to mainnet (25%). They will be setting up nodes, churning in, servicing the network and earning rewards. The system will hold up to 600k Rune, at which point it will refund any additional staked amount. The community can stake small amounts of real assets, prepare arbitrage bots, set up telegram alert bots and more. In short, it is a public rehearsal with the entire community across all facets (nodes, stakers, traders) so that everyone will have access to the same information and not unfairly benefit when the real mainnet launches. Additionally, the system will be hard-coded to perform a Ragnorök 6 weeks later, which will refund all the remaining reserve as well as bonded and staked assets. This will go a long way in re-assuring the community that the system can tolerate all levels of risk, including black-swan events, and that funds are safe at all times.

Internal Arbitrage

A new feature will be launched that will allow users to use internal arbitrage. This is an asymmetrical withdrawal to Rune, then immediately followed by a asymmetrical stake of Rune in another pool. A trader may want to do this instead of doing transactional arbitrage in order to exploit price differences between two pools the fastest way possible. Instead of an outgoing transaction being processed, followed by another incoming transaction, Rune balances and stakeUnits are swapped internally, being completed inside of a few seconds.

Fee-based Transaction Prioritisation

Currently there is no prioritisation to the order of transactions, all transactions are simply processed in order of time received. In moments of high demand of network resources (such as when there are large arbitrage opportunities and users are racing to exploit them), transactions will queue in the mempool. If the system cannot respond fast enough, then the reason for high demand will persist (the large arbitrage opportunity). The solution is to remove the reason for high demand in the first place, which is the large arbitrage opportunity, at the same time as collecting the maximum revenue for the system. As such, in the checkTx method (which can triage the mempool), transactions will be sorted and ordered in the value of the fee of the swap transaction. Assuming rational actors, the following transactions will then be prioritised over all others: * A transaction from an impatient swapper who is willing to pay a large fee. * A transaction from a trader who is able to arbitrage out a price discrepancy (and still make a gain).
This then means the system can collect as much income as possible (good for the stakers) at the same time as prioritising transactions that can arbitrage out large price discrepancies quickly. This then means swaps from transient swappers will experience a market price that accurately matches the reference price at all times.

BEPSwap Development

The team are working on 4 parallel streams of effort. Cross-chain infrastructure has now been merged into a single repo called “THORNode”. * THORChain * Midgard Public API * Threshold Signature Scheme implementation * Front-end Integration for BEPSwap

THORChain

Bug fixes, refactoring, as well as more logic around Yggdrasil funding. Additionally, node churn and the first part of block rewards PR was merged. * Add admin config event, fix tx out events https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/255 * Resolve “Select a satellite pool to swap out” https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/253 * Include the thorcli volume for the signer. https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/261 * Rune Reserves, block rewards, bond units, oh my! https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/258 * Add mechanism to slash a node account bond or rewards https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/264 * Add add event https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/262 * Issue198 node churn https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/270 * Issue199 — fix signer doesn’t process multiple txout item https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/271 * issue194: only rune get refund for invalid memo https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/272 * Outbound — mark txout item out hash based on the coin as well https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/thornode/merge_requests/273

Midgard Public API

Database ported from influxdb to timescaledb (more maturity, better developer tooling). Endpoints built out include/pools and /stakers. * Feature/new endpoint format, refactors and general clean ups
The OpenApi Schema can be reviewed here:
https://testnet-api.bepswap.net/v1/doc

Threshold Signature Scheme

TSS was successfully implemented into the Genesis ceremony, with the focus now being on the key-gen and key-sign ceremonies. Multi-cast DNS was switched out for a distributed hash table to facilitate node discovery. * Issue4 — docker images and ci https://gitlab.com/thorchain/tss/multi-party-ecdsa-dockemerge_requests/5 * Fix a docker bug https://gitlab.com/thorchain/tss/multi-party-ecdsa-dockemerge_requests/6
A proof-of-concept is being prepared using BinanceChain TSS library, which was recently launched in order to make a decision whether to switch libraries. A go-based implementation is better for THORNode, since it is also written in Go.
https://github.com/binance-chain/tss-lib

Frontend Implementation

Bug-fixes and tweaks from community feedback. The frontend is now ready for implementation with the latest Midgard API. * Resolve “Write cypress e2e test for pool stake list view” https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/bepswap-react-app/merge_requests/164 * Resolve “Update rune token icon” https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/bepswap-react-app/merge_requests/165 * Resolve “Update confirmation modal” https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/bepswap-react-app/merge_requests/166 * Resolve “Update wallet view” https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/bepswap-react-app/merge_requests/167 * Resolve “Add tooltip for wallet connection” https://gitlab.com/thorchain/bepswap/bepswap-react-app/merge_requests/168

Timelines

The team are working for these milestones: * Feature Freeze: 20 November 2019 on-time * Audit: 20 December 2019 on-time * ChaosNet: 03 January 2020 on-time

Community

To keep up to date, please monitor community channels, particularly Telegram and Twitter: Twitter: https://twitter.com/thorchain_org Telegram Community: https://t.me/thorchain_org Telegram Announcements: https://t.me/thorchain Reddit: https://reddit.com/thorchain Github: https://github.com/thorchain Medium: https://medium.com/thorchain
submitted by thorchain_org to THORChain [link] [comments]

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190831(Market index 20 - Extreme Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190831(Market index 20 - Extreme Fear state)

https://preview.redd.it/7msj6y3270k31.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b81bd340d7b6cd3d77b347cb3843c7cd074dbf3e

Bitcoin’s Google search fever is declining, but Reddit Bitcoin subscribers continue to soar Although Bitcoin’s search interest on Google is only a fraction of the end of 2017 (10%), it has been stagnating in the same area for most of the summer, but the subscribers to Bitcoin on Reddit are still Continuous growth. This sub-block now has about 1.125 million users. The bear market does not seem to be a serious blow to Bitcoin interest on Reddit. The popularity of the Bitcoin sub-section continues to skyrocket. It has increased by about 500,000 users since January 2018. The surge in new members in July and August is a positive sign for this already large Reddit community. Currently, this subsection has approximately 1,115 comments and 158 posts per day. The growth of Bitcoin subscribers indicates that the core group of long-term holders is growing. Those who subscribe to sub-sections tend to be more serious about the long-term prospects of Bitcoin, so they are more “informed” about the development of Bitcoin.
Indian Economic Times: Indian government considers using blockchain and other technologies to improve e-government The Economic Times issued a statement saying that representatives from state governments discussed how an e-government theme meeting was held earlier this month at Shillong, Shijiazhuang, Meghalaya. Better e-government. The article said that as the Modi government strives to achieve the goal of improving e-government for citizens, blockchain technology, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, drones, cloud computing and other emerging technologies are on the agenda of the Modi government.
Japan Financial Services Agency: will strengthen the grasp and analysis of the crypto-asset market trends and strengthen cooperation with international regulatory authorities On August 28th, the Japan Financial Services Agency announced the theme document of the “Practice and Future Policy of Financial Administration to the Present Year”. On the issue of exchange registration and supervision, the Japan Financial Services Agency said it will strengthen the grasp and analysis of the market trend of encrypted assets, and cooperate with relevant departments, independent regulatory agencies, overseas authorities, etc. to implement safety supervision. With regard to the issue of exchange registration review, it is important to ensure predictability and conduct appropriate and effective reviews. For unregistered traders, they will respond promptly and effectively, such as grasping the actual sales situation and issuing a warning letter, and will cooperate with relevant agencies to remind users. In terms of international cooperation, in view of the fact that cryptographic assets are easy to implement cross-border transactions through the Internet, cooperation with overseas authorities will be strengthened through sharing of experiences and play a leading role in international collaboration. Specifically, a second round table on encrypted assets will be held to cooperate with overseas authorities.

Encrypted project calendar(August 31, 2019)

ADX/AdEx: ADEX (ADX) will release the Validator Stack version 2.0 in August DADI/DADI: DADI will release the network CLI on August 31, with Stargates to support network services; and release Self Onboarding on the same day to allow the network to be more open. MITH/Mithril: The Mithril (MITH) team decided to implement the first MITH token destruction program on August 31. COS/Contentos: Contentos test network v0.5 “Jupiter” will be launched on August 31, this is the last version of the test before the main online line, alternate release. NOAH/Noah Coin: Noah Coin (NOAH) exchanges the held tokens at BTCNext, ending on August 31st.

Encrypted project calendar(September 01, 2019)

XLM/Stellar: Stellar (XLM) will conduct equity awards in binance on September 1st MHC/MetaHash: MetaHash (MHC) will close all ICO accounts as of September 1 and will permanently close all ICO accounts. All MHCs will need to be transferred to MetaGate Wallet by this date. DGD/DigixDAO: The DigixDAO (DGD) DGXHUB community representative program will be open for application on September 1.

Encrypted project calendar(September 02, 2019)

AE/Aeternity: The third phase of Aeternity token (AE) main network migration will end on September 2nd. PLPillar: The Pillar (PLR) Pillar community will participate in a creative strategy seminar hosted by experiencehaus in London, UK on September 2nd. LA/LAToken: The LAToken (LA) LATOKEN community will host an investor reception in London, England on September 2nd.

Encrypted project calendar(September 03, 2019)

WAN/Wanchain: Wanwei Chain Wanchain (WAN) will be launched on September 3rd based on POS mechanism mining function

Encrypted project calendar(September 04, 2019)

BCH/Bitcoin Cash: The City Conference will be held in North Queensland, Australia from September 4th to 5th, 2019. BETHEBethereum: Bethereum will conduct a user airdrop token plan on September 4th

Encrypted project calendar(September 05, 2019)

CS/Credits: Credits (cs) began to map some of the main network tokens on September 5th. ENG/Enigma: The Enigma(ENG)Enigma community will host a gathering and seminar in Boston on September 5. BTC/Bitcoin: Blockchain Africa conference organizers will host the first cryptocurrency festival in South Africa on September 5. AGI/SingularityNET: SingularityNET (AGI) SingularityNET community Ben Goertzel will attend the Asia Innovation Summit on September 5th and will deliver a speech.

Encrypted project calendar(September 06, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Bakkt official Twitter said that Bakkt Warehouse will begin to provide Bitcoin secure storage services to customers on September 6. VEX/Vexanium: The Vexanium (VEX) DApps competition will end on September 6th with a total of 1.1 million VEX awards, the first of which will receive 350,000 VEX.

Encrypted project calendar(September 20, 2019)

NULS / NULS: The NULS 2.0 Beta hackathon will be held from September 20th to September 21st, 2019.


Bitcoin is trading at lows, so here is an educational chart with an explanation! Well, there’s no assurance in the Crypto market, but the main reason we are tracking a bullish triangle om Bitcoin is that it’s already retraced for 38,2%, which is the most commont retracement for wave 4 and also because of three waves of decline in the first leg. Some ALT coins hit new lows, some of them retraced for 61,8–78,6%, so it can be a perfect time for a reversal. But, we are not sure if there can be something even worse and there’s a chance that BTC loses its dominance for a while in case if we see a deeper flat correction.
However, at this stage it’s important to be patient. So, technically speaking, in case if we see a bounce in the Crypto market now at the beginning of September, then we may start considering a bullish triangle. But, if BTC/USD remains bearish and breaks below 9000 key support level, then be aware of a deeper flat correction that can send the price into 8000–7000 support area.
Review previous articles: https://medium.com/@to.liuwen


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submitted by liuidaxmn to u/liuidaxmn [link] [comments]

BCH Massively Overvalued? Very Bearish

Spike in price
In general, I would argue that the cryptocurrency market has retraced the vast majority of the speculatively driven bubble of 2017, leaving us very near if not at the bottom of this bear movement. For the past few weeks, the entre market as a whole has been consolidating, forming levels of support.
Recently, Bitcoin Cash is an asset of particular interest, not only because this is an asset we are very bullish in the long term, but even more so because the market has propelled on the false pretences of a chain split.
📷
The diagram above shows the price action for Bitcoin Cash over the past week. At the beginning of the week, from 31st October to 2nd November the asset was reportedly trading sideways between the $410 and $425 region.
If we now turn our attention to the past 4 days to be specific, we see that on 2nd November the asset began rallying. Volumes, shown by the vertical black lines, increased sharply and price followed suit.
The main catalyst for this bull run coincides with the anticipated chain split. There have been several different factors at play which have caused this unjustified bullish movement migrating beyond the $600 region.
Binance Announcement
The main catalyst causing the rally, in my opinion was the announcement made by Binance exchange.
📷
As shown above, Binance released a statement that they will be supporting the hard fork on 2nd November causing massive surges in volume and price. In my opinion this is a strategic move by Binance as if they are the only exchange that announces their support, BCH volumes will bleed from other exchanges into binance, increasing their volumes regardless of a chainsplit. This is the huge misconception in my opinion.
After noticing this, Coinbase seen followed suit.
Coinbase Announcement
📷
As per the announcement above, Coinbase also released a statement on 4th stating that they will be support the upcoming BCH fork. Analysing the chart showing BCH price action also shows bull pumps on this date too.
📷
The table above shows the total volume traded using BCH over the past week. As we can see on 2nd November there was a huge increase in volume, increasing over 100% from the previous day. Furthermore, on 4th November BCH volumes further increased nearly 300% from the previous days, showing the impact of Coinbase also supporting the fork.
The next area of analysis should concern other reasons why there could have been a price increase, independent of the announcements made by Binance and Coinbase.
BTC Vs BCH
Some would argue the price of BCH could surge over the anticipation of negative news associated with BTC - As the assets are considered somewhat substitute goods. I don’t think this is the most compelling of arguments as there is mainly bullish news upcoming for BTC.
  1. Baakt exchange
Baakt exchange is scheduled to go live on 12th December. This is massive for the community as it could act as the reassurance traditional institutional investors need in order to safely enter the space, using the trusted Goldman Sachs as their “Cryptocurrency prime brokers”.
  1. ETF
The ETF is a decision in which has drawn the attention of the entire cryptocurrency community. An approval could very much be the catalyst for Bitcoin breaching ATHs and heading toward the $50,000 and $100,000 benchmark commonly spoken of in the space.
📷
The graph above demonstrates Bitcoin’s dominance. As we see the ATLs of January 2018 and a revisit of these level in July 2018, the Bitcoin ETF played a huge part in increasing Bitcoin’s dominance. If we now explore the difference in market conditions from July to present, there hasn’t been any significant development work by Bitcoin developers, nor has there been friendly regulatory framework - quite the opposite actually with RBI and PBOC. Consequently it would be sensible to assume Bitcoins dominance is at circa 50% due to the ETF largely.
  1. Hashing power
📷
The chart above shows Bitcoin’s hashing power alongside that of Bitcoin Cash. Exploring the chart we see the hashing power of BTC increasing on 2nd November and 4th November. We can therefore rule out the idea of a shift in hashing power from BTC blockchain to BCH blockchain as a reason causing the increase in the price of BCH.
  1. Mining profitability
📷
The chart above shows the profitability of mining Bitcoin Cash compared to mining Bitcoin. As we can see, it currently more profitable for miners to mine Bitcoin instead of Bitcoin Cash. Therefore, there would be no monetary incentive of mining which could have led to miners switching to BCH that can in turn positively affect the BCH price.
As a conclusion, it is sensible to associate the BCH spike in price with the announcements made by the two exchanges. This leaves me with certainty anticipating a fall in the price of BCH.
Why the price of BCH is overvalued for the bear market
As proven, the surge in both volume and price of Bitcoin Cash was solely caused by the consecutive announcements shown above. Therefore as soon as the Bitcoin Cash screenshot is taken, we will see large sell offs in the asset, causing price depreciations, just as we have experienced with all other Bitcoin forks. People are purely incentivised to buy an asset before it hard forks just to attain the free money that comes with it.
The next reason why I believe there is large appetite for a impactful sell off, possibly even greater than the pump we have seen over the past week is because of the nature of this split. There is NO replay protection implemented as of yet. Now, with there being no replay protection exchanges aren’t willing to list the forked asset as replay attacks pose a huge risk. If we now reminisce on Binance and Coinbase expressing their support for the fork, we can ask ourselves why would they support if there’s no replay protection? The simple answer and most feasible answer is There wont be a chain split which can be subject to replay attacks.
Now let's explore the case of replay protection being added and there is a chain split, creating another token. Should this happen, given the current market sentiment, people will undoubtedly sell off. The first reason why they would sell of is because it will provide them with profitability, meaning they reconfigure their portfolios, purchasing assets currently undervalued, and the second reason being they will now anticipate a sell off from those who simply purchased BCH just for the fork.
Lastly, following our meeting with CSW and SS, we know that nChain and CoinGeek are collectively supportive of low BCH prices, as according to SS it will bankrupt Jihan far sooner than nChain. As the fork commences, It wouldnt surprise me if we see further selling pressure.
Technical Analysis
📷
Exploring the Bitcoin Cash weekly chart above, we see a very significant resistance level at $660. This tells us that it is very hard for price to penetrate this level to the upside.
📷
Breaking this down into the daily chart, we see this level a little clearer. The daily chart produced a wick which failed to pierce the resistance zone, clearly testing the level and failing to brakethrough.
📷
Lastly, the 4hr chart above shows a bearish engulfing candle. This is a strong indication of bearish momentum signifying further movement to the downside.
submitted by StephenIerotheou to Bitcoincash [link] [comments]

OnePageX: King of all Exchange

♢ Introduction
A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange that uses strong cryptography to secure financial transactions, control the creation of additional units, and verify the transfer of assets. Cryptocurrencies are alternative to fiat currency and they are decentralized: can be easily transferred or traded against each other on crypto exchange platforms without a central authority moderation.
In 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto was credited for the development of Bitcoin, the world's first ever decentralized cryptocurrency. It wasn't the first time an attempt would be made in developing a digital currency, in 1983 the American cryptographer David Chaum conceived an anonymous cryptographic electronic money called ecash. Later, in 1995, he implemented it through Digicash, an early form of cryptographic electronic payments which required user software in order to withdraw notes from a bank and designate specific encrypted keys before it can be sent to a recipient. This allowed the digital currency to be untraceable by the issuing bank, the government, or a third party.
Following the development of Bitcoin by the anonymous cryptographer Satoshi Nakamoto (fictitious name), over 4000 Altcoins or crypto currencies had been developed in the likes of Ethereum, Litecoin, EOS,XRP and the rest. Each of this new crypto currencies trends the same path as Bitcoin with all operating on a decentralzed platforms using the power of the blockchain technology.
The emergence of decentralized digital currency allows easy transfer of assets and execution of various transactions without moderation from centralized authorities. Digital currency threatened to disrupt the world centralize economy. Centralized financial institutions like banks are wary of the threat digital currency like bitcoin carries.
♢ Blockchain
The decentralized control of each cryptocurrency works through distributed ledger technology, called a blockchain, that serves as a public financial transaction database. Blockchain is an open distribute ledger that helps record transactions history between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way. By design, Blockchain is resistant to the modification of the data it stores, as each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data, making it impossible to be compromised.
♢Cryptocurrency Exchange
Developing a digital currency is a thing, being able to trade it for value is another, and, that is where crypto exchange platform comes in.cryptocurrency-exchange-rate-panel-3d-260nw-795136543.jpg A crypto Exchange, is simply-put, where digital currencies or crypto currencies are traded. It is a decentralized digital marketplace that allows the trading of crypto currencies against other digital currencies or against conventional fiat currency. Of a truth, we have vast number of exchanges currently in operation in the crypto sphere but all not excluding one are doing same thing, operating in the same manner.
And OnePageX is is just one of the crypto exchange but, with unique features that set it aside from the rest.
♢ Concepts
A crypto currency exchange can be:
■ A brick-and-mortal business
It is a brick-and-mortal business when it exchanges traditional payment methods and digital currencies.
■ As an online business
In this case, electronically transferred money are exchange for digital currencies.
♢ Philosophy Behind OnePageX Cryptocurrency Exchange
OnePageX is not doing something special, but it's doing somethings different. OnePageX is an exchange platform built to execute digital currencies transfer and conversion with simplest simplicity. One thing OnePageX is doing different to other exchange is, all processes of transfer and conversion of digital currencies are carried out on a page and users dont need to sign up to trade on OnePageX which further strengthen the security of user private information. Binance, Huobi, and OKEX are largely regarded as the largest cryptocurrency exchanges, but none can boast of the 150+ choice of cryptocurrencies available for trade on OnePageX.
♢ OnePageX Vision
To enable crypto currencies trade on a simple interface.
♢Key Features of OnePageX
• No Registration!
Who needs to register?. OnePageX allows on-the-go exchange process without need for registration helping strengthen anonymity of it users. With no private details needed to be provided, identity of users is strictly concealed. With no registration, transactions can be carried out on the go, which make things a lot easier, faster and secure.
• OneBox Widget
OnePageX widget called OneBox which can be integrated into websites just by copy-pasting a snippet. This feature automatically makes OnePageX inerface to be readily available on these websites, therby allowing users of the websites access to quick cryptocurrency exchange.
• OnePage Transactions
The simplicity by which transactions are executed on OnePageX is adoring. Simple as you can think, multiple transactions are executed on a single page, and this transactions are saved in the form of cards that users can come back to and use any time.
• Selection
Since bitcoin inception in 2009, over 4,000 other Altcoins had been developed. Over 150+ cryto currencies are available for selection on OnePageX more than any other cryptocurrency exchange giving traders wide range of option of cryptocurrency to trade. OnePageX integrates with other exchange to find the best price for any given cryptocurrency.
♢ How to use OnePageX
OnePageX is the easiest to use out of any cryptocurrency exchanges.
Pick an asset to convert to. Enter a withdrawal address. Click “Start Exchange” A card will appear with a deposit address. Simply deposit to that address and you are done.
Each individual card will display a live transaction status that will let the user know about their transaction.source
♢ Benefits of Using OnePageX
• Cost efficient • Time efficient • Friendly interface • High security • Easy navigation • Large collection of cryptocurrencies.
NOTE: Transaction fee for 2018 is 0%
♢ Use case and Application
Kenneth Bridge is the C.E.O of an online shopping mall who is looking to use the strength of the growing crypto market and also adopt the blockchain technology to his companys' advantage. At their executives meeting, Mr Bridge proposed the adoption of cryptocurrencies for shopping on their online mall. The tasks remain;
1.How to bring a crypto exchange on their already existing website 2.Since customers will be buying goods with different crypto currencies, an exchange with the largest collection if not all crypto currencies is needed.
The Option of OnePageX was put on the table. An exchange with the largest collection of cryptocurrencies (150+), and also has a widget that can be integrated on the company's already existing website that will allow customers carry out crypto transaction in a fast, efficient and simple way on their website. OnePageX was adopted.
♢ Conclusion
OnePageX is undisputedly a step ahead it rival exchanges. Built to execute transactions in the easiest manner ever witnessed in the world of exchange and with it no registration feature which further strengthens users anonymity, will in no doubt leads to it mass adoption. By no arguement, OnePageX is taking crypto exchange to a new level.
More Information & Resources: OnePageX Website: https://onepagex.com/ OnePageX Steemit: https://steemit.com/@onepagex OnePageX Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/useonepagex OnePageX Twitter: https://twitter.com/OnePageExchange OnePageX Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/onepageexchange/
submitted by Tonyryce to u/Tonyryce [link] [comments]

OnePageX: King of all Exchange

♢ Introduction
A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange that uses strong cryptography to secure financial transactions, control the creation of additional units, and verify the transfer of assets. Cryptocurrencies are alternative to fiat currency and they are decentralized: can be easily transferred or traded against each other on crypto exchange platforms without a central authority moderation.
In 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto was credited for the development of Bitcoin, the world's first ever decentralized cryptocurrency. It wasn't the first time an attempt would be made in developing a digital currency, in 1983 the American cryptographer David Chaum conceived an anonymous cryptographic electronic money called ecash. Later, in 1995, he implemented it through Digicash, an early form of cryptographic electronic payments which required user software in order to withdraw notes from a bank and designate specific encrypted keys before it can be sent to a recipient. This allowed the digital currency to be untraceable by the issuing bank, the government, or a third party.
Following the development of Bitcoin by the anonymous cryptographer Satoshi Nakamoto (fictitious name), over 4000 Altcoins or crypto currencies had been developed in the likes of Ethereum, Litecoin, EOS,XRP and the rest. Each of this new crypto currencies trends the same path as Bitcoin with all operating on a decentralzed platforms using the power of the blockchain technology.
The emergence of decentralized digital currency allows easy transfer of assets and execution of various transactions without moderation from centralized authorities. Digital currency threatened to disrupt the world centralize economy. Centralized financial institutions like banks are wary of the threat digital currency like bitcoin carries.
♢ Blockchain
The decentralized control of each cryptocurrency works through distributed ledger technology, called a blockchain, that serves as a public financial transaction database. Blockchain is an open distribute ledger that helps record transactions history between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way. By design, Blockchain is resistant to the modification of the data it stores, as each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data, making it impossible to be compromised.
♢Cryptocurrency Exchange
Developing a digital currency is a thing, being able to trade it for value is another, and, that is where crypto exchange platform comes in.cryptocurrency-exchange-rate-panel-3d-260nw-795136543.jpg A crypto Exchange, is simply-put, where digital currencies or crypto currencies are traded. It is a decentralized digital marketplace that allows the trading of crypto currencies against other digital currencies or against conventional fiat currency. Of a truth, we have vast number of exchanges currently in operation in the crypto sphere but all not excluding one are doing same thing, operating in the same manner.
And OnePageX is is just one of the crypto exchange but, with unique features that set it aside from the rest.
♢ Concepts
A crypto currency exchange can be:
■ A brick-and-mortal business
It is a brick-and-mortal business when it exchanges traditional payment methods and digital currencies.
■ As an online business
In this case, electronically transferred money are exchange for digital currencies.
♢ Philosophy Behind OnePageX Cryptocurrency Exchange
OnePageX is not doing something special, but it's doing somethings different. OnePageX is an exchange platform built to execute digital currencies transfer and conversion with simplest simplicity. One thing OnePageX is doing different to other exchange is, all processes of transfer and conversion of digital currencies are carried out on a page and users dont need to sign up to trade on OnePageX which further strengthen the security of user private information. Binance, Huobi, and OKEX are largely regarded as the largest cryptocurrency exchanges, but none can boast of the 150+ choice of cryptocurrencies available for trade on OnePageX.
♢ OnePageX Vision
To enable crypto currencies trade on a simple interface.
♢Key Features of OnePageX
• No Registration!
Who needs to register?. OnePageX allows on-the-go exchange process without need for registration helping strengthen anonymity of it users. With no private details needed to be provided, identity of users is strictly concealed. With no registration, transactions can be carried out on the go, which make things a lot easier, faster and secure.
• OneBox Widget
OnePageX widget called OneBox which can be integrated into websites just by copy-pasting a snippet. This feature automatically makes OnePageX inerface to be readily available on these websites, therby allowing users of the websites access to quick cryptocurrency exchange.
• OnePage Transactions
The simplicity by which transactions are executed on OnePageX is adoring. Simple as you can think, multiple transactions are executed on a single page, and this transactions are saved in the form of cards that users can come back to and use any time.
• Selection
Since bitcoin inception in 2009, over 4,000 other Altcoins had been developed. Over 150+ cryto currencies are available for selection on OnePageX more than any other cryptocurrency exchange giving traders wide range of option of cryptocurrency to trade. OnePageX integrates with other exchange to find the best price for any given cryptocurrency.
♢ How to use OnePageX
OnePageX is the easiest to use out of any cryptocurrency exchanges.
Pick an asset to convert to. Enter a withdrawal address. Click “Start Exchange” A card will appear with a deposit address. Simply deposit to that address and you are done.
Each individual card will display a live transaction status that will let the user know about their transaction.source
♢ Benefits of Using OnePageX
• Cost efficient • Time efficient • Friendly interface • High security • Easy navigation • Large collection of cryptocurrencies.
NOTE: Transaction fee for 2018 is 0%
♢ Use case and Application
Kenneth Bridge is the C.E.O of an online shopping mall who is looking to use the strength of the growing crypto market and also adopt the blockchain technology to his companys' advantage. At their executives meeting, Mr Bridge proposed the adoption of cryptocurrencies for shopping on their online mall. The tasks remain;
1.How to bring a crypto exchange on their already existing website 2.Since customers will be buying goods with different crypto currencies, an exchange with the largest collection if not all crypto currencies is needed.
The Option of OnePageX was put on the table. An exchange with the largest collection of cryptocurrencies (150+), and also has a widget that can be integrated on the company's already existing website that will allow customers carry out crypto transaction in a fast, efficient and simple way on their website. OnePageX was adopted.
♢ Conclusion
OnePageX is undisputedly a step ahead it rival exchanges. Built to execute transactions in the easiest manner ever witnessed in the world of exchange and with it no registration feature which further strengthens users anonymity, will in no doubt leads to it mass adoption. By no arguement, OnePageX is taking crypto exchange to a new level.
More Information & Resources: OnePageX Website: https://onepagex.com/ OnePageX Steemit: https://steemit.com/@onepagex OnePageX Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/useonepagex OnePageX Twitter: https://twitter.com/OnePageExchange OnePageX Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/onepageexchange/
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OnePageX: Taking Crypto Exchange to a New Level

♢ Introduction
A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange that uses strong cryptography to secure financial transactions, control the creation of additional units, and verify the transfer of assets. Cryptocurrencies are alternative to fiat currency and they are decentralized: can be easily transferred or traded against each other on crypto exchange platforms without a central authority moderation.
In 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto was credited for the development of Bitcoin, the world's first ever decentralized cryptocurrency. It wasn't the first time an attempt would be made in developing a digital currency, in 1983 the American cryptographer David Chaum conceived an anonymous cryptographic electronic money called ecash. Later, in 1995, he implemented it through Digicash, an early form of cryptographic electronic payments which required user software in order to withdraw notes from a bank and designate specific encrypted keys before it can be sent to a recipient. This allowed the digital currency to be untraceable by the issuing bank, the government, or a third party.
Following the development of Bitcoin by the anonymous cryptographer Satoshi Nakamoto (fictitious name), over 4000 Altcoins or crypto currencies had been developed in the likes of Ethereum, Litecoin, EOS,XRP and the rest. Each of this new crypto currencies trends the same path as Bitcoin with all operating on a decentralzed platforms using the power of the blockchain technology.
The emergence of decentralized digital currency allows easy transfer of assets and execution of various transactions without moderation from centralized authorities. Digital currency threatened to disrupt the world centralize economy. Centralized financial institutions like banks are wary of the threat digital currency like bitcoin carries.
♢ Blockchain
The decentralized control of each cryptocurrency works through distributed ledger technology, called a blockchain, that serves as a public financial transaction database. Blockchain is an open distribute ledger that helps record transactions history between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way. By design, Blockchain is resistant to the modification of the data it stores, as each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data, making it impossible to be compromised.
♢Cryptocurrency Exchange
Developing a digital currency is a thing, being able to trade it for value is another, and, that is where crypto exchange platform comes in.cryptocurrency-exchange-rate-panel-3d-260nw-795136543.jpg A crypto Exchange, is simply-put, where digital currencies or crypto currencies are traded. It is a decentralized digital marketplace that allows the trading of crypto currencies against other digital currencies or against conventional fiat currency. Of a truth, we have vast number of exchanges currently in operation in the crypto sphere but all not excluding one are doing same thing, operating in the same manner.
And OnePageX is is just one of the crypto exchange but, with unique features that set it aside from the rest.
♢ Concepts
A crypto currency exchange can be:
■ A brick-and-mortal business
It is a brick-and-mortal business when it exchanges traditional payment methods and digital currencies.
■ As an online business
In this case, electronically transferred money are exchange for digital currencies.
♢ Philosophy Behind OnePageX Cryptocurrency Exchange
OnePageX is not doing something special, but it's doing somethings different. OnePageX is an exchange platform built to execute digital currencies transfer and conversion with simplest simplicity. One thing OnePageX is doing different to other exchange is, all processes of transfer and conversion of digital currencies are carried out on a page and users dont need to sign up to trade on OnePageX which further strengthen the security of user private information. Binance, Huobi, and OKEX are largely regarded as the largest cryptocurrency exchanges, but none can boast of the 150+ choice of cryptocurrencies available for trade on OnePageX.
♢ OnePageX Vision
To enable crypto currencies trade on a simple interface.
♢Key Features of OnePageX
• No Registration!
Who needs to register?. OnePageX allows on-the-go exchange process without need for registration helping strengthen anonymity of it users. With no private details needed to be provided, identity of users is strictly concealed. With no registration, transactions can be carried out on the go, which make things a lot easier, faster and secure.
• OneBox Widget
OnePageX widget called OneBox which can be integrated into websites just by copy-pasting a snippet. This feature automatically makes OnePageX inerface to be readily available on these websites, therby allowing users of the websites access to quick cryptocurrency exchange.
• OnePage Transactions
The simplicity by which transactions are executed on OnePageX is adoring. Simple as you can think, multiple transactions are executed on a single page, and this transactions are saved in the form of cards that users can come back to and use any time.
• Selection
Since bitcoin inception in 2009, over 4,000 other Altcoins had been developed. Over 150+ cryto currencies are available for selection on OnePageX more than any other cryptocurrency exchange giving traders wide range of option of cryptocurrency to trade. OnePageX integrates with other exchange to find the best price for any given cryptocurrency.
♢ How to use OnePageX
OnePageX is the easiest to use out of any cryptocurrency exchanges.
Pick an asset to convert to. Enter a withdrawal address. Click “Start Exchange” A card will appear with a deposit address. Simply deposit to that address and you are done.
Each individual card will display a live transaction status that will let the user know about their transaction.source
♢ Benefits of Using OnePageX
• Cost efficient • Time efficient • Friendly interface • High security • Easy navigation • Large collection of cryptocurrencies.
NOTE: Transaction fee for 2018 is 0%
♢ Use case and Application
Kenneth Bridge is the C.E.O of an online shopping mall who is looking to use the strength of the growing crypto market and also adopt the blockchain technology to his companys' advantage. At their executives meeting, Mr Bridge proposed the adoption of cryptocurrencies for shopping on their online mall. The tasks remain;
1.How to bring a crypto exchange on their already existing website 2.Since customers will be buying goods with different crypto currencies, an exchange with the largest collection if not all crypto currencies is needed.
The Option of OnePageX was put on the table. An exchange with the largest collection of cryptocurrencies (150+), and also has a widget that can be integrated on the company's already existing website that will allow customers carry out crypto transaction in a fast, efficient and simple way on their website. OnePageX was adopted.
♢ Conclusion
OnePageX is undisputedly a step ahead it rival exchanges. Built to execute transactions in the easiest manner ever witnessed in the world of exchange and with it no registration feature which further strengthens users anonymity, will in no doubt leads to it mass adoption. By no arguement, OnePageX is taking crypto exchange to a new level.
More Information & Resources: OnePageX Website: https://onepagex.com/ OnePageX Steemit: https://steemit.com/@onepagex OnePageX Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/useonepagex OnePageX Twitter: https://twitter.com/OnePageExchange OnePageX Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/onepageexchange/
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General info and list of exchanges for QYNO (QNO)

Qyno is a blockchain-based financial ecosystem centered around Qyno Coin, a high performance digital currency. Qyno aims to bring the cryptocurrency world closer to the real world through the use of Qyno Coin, our highly applicable and adoptable digital currency. Qyno Coin (QNO) is embedded with InstantSend and PrivateSend featurues, making QNO transactions instant, anonymous and nearly free to send. With Qyno, businesses finally have a solution for trading assets and goods in a secure, low-cost environment that allows them to reach their financial objectives.
New edge Complex Secure New edge crypto currency
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Passive income with a 1323% anual return of investment Qyno Project Qyno project's goal is the development of tools and products that can allow everyone acces to faster, safer, anonymous, and near-zero cost financial products and services. Having meticulously studied and tested existing blockchain-based financial products and networks, we created Qyno with the aim of becoming a reference in the blockchain financial services sector after concluding that others fail to deliver on the goals which are our vision.
Predecessors are meant to be learned from and eventually overcome. If this weren't the case, we would still be stuck with Friendster for social networking or Napster for peer-to-peer sharing. Bitcoin may be just such a predecessor, yet there isn't enough being done in the blockchain space to move beyond its slow transaction times and exorbitant fees.
The core of the Qyno Project is Qyno Coin (QNO), a digital currency based on the latest blockchain technology and network architecture created go beyond Bitcoin by providing seamless, instant, and low cost transactions secured by masternodes.
Qyno Coin Specification Symbol: QNO QNO picks up where BTC left off. Due to it's elegant masternode architecture, low cost of use, and instantaneous transaction capabilities, global adoption of QNO will be rapid and steep.
Algorithm: NeoScrypt NeoScrypt is an ASIC-resistant proof of work algorithm that it is stronger cryptographically than other hashing algorithms and is less memory intensive while providing a fair return to miners.
Type: POW + Masternode A proof-of-work (PoW) blockchain is a system that helps to prevent denial of service attacks and spam on the network. This is done by receiving work from the service requester.
Max coin supply: 100,000,000 Max coin supply is the maximum amount of QNO coins to be minted. The supply release schedule avoids inflation while providing the network sufficient liquidity.
Block generation: 60 seconds The block generation time is the time needed to mine a block. Block time is set as a constant to ensure that miners' computational power will not impact the security of the network.
Masternode Collateral: 5000 QNO In order to own and operate a masternode, 5000 QNO are required as a collateral. This collateral prevents Sybil attacks on the network whereby would-be attackers are able to setup numerous masternodes and interfere with network operations.
Reward Table Blocks Miners Masternodes Total 1-43200 2.5 22.5 25 43201-86400 3 27 30 86401-129600 3.5 31.5 35 129601-1051200 4 36 40 1051201-2102400 4.5 25.5 30 After block 2102401 25% decrease every year
Qyno - Trading Made Easy on the Blockchain From the outset, the pillar of the Qyno project will be the Qyno coin, a utility coin with two aims. First, the Qyno coin will function as a stable asset enabling the development of the project's ecosystem. Second, the Qyno coin will reward masternode operators with industry-leading ROI, as masternode operators will earn a generous passive income due to a staggering 90% block reward. The purpose of such a mammoth block reward is to create a very high incentive for masternode operators working to secure the network.
The Qyno coin's stability will allow users to engage the Qyno financial system easily. Without major fluctuations in price affecting the net cost of users looking to enter and use the Qyno financial system, adoption of the system will happen quickly and globally. The entry into and use of blockchain-based financial systems tend to be prohibitive, due in part to the fact that the utility coins associated with those financial systems fluctuate wildly in value, making cost analysis for users looking to enter the system difficult to calculate.
The Core of the Qyno Financial Ecosystem Q-Paygate Apps and eCommerce Solutions Users adopting Qyno will find the timely deployment and integration of Q-PayGate, the payment gateway milestone at the core of the Qyno financial ecosystem. With Q-PayGate any tool, product, or merchant service can be seamlessly integrated with the blockchain, allowing users a time-saving, streamlined experience that delivers unmatched functionality. Developing and implementing payment plugins for any eCommerce platform, such as industry giants WooCommerce, is part of the Q-Paygate mission.
The plugins developed as part of the Q-Paygate engine will differ from traditional eCommerce plugins in that they will, notably, generate extra income for merchants accepting Qyno payments. For merchants the implications of the Qyno income-generating plugins will be staggering: Merchants with a high amount of traffic and sales will be able to use those funds to run a masternode. Masternodes generate a 90% block reward, provide merchants with a large extra income for adopting the Qyno platform, while at the same time providing additional network stability.
The Qyno foundation will fund the creation and additional development of plugins from an allocation entitled strictly to product development, leading to contented and very well supported developers who in turn provide the Qyno financial ecosystem with unparalleled product development.
Blockchain Made Simple When compared to the total amount of people worldwide using traditional forms of money such as Euro, Yen, and American Dollars, the use and spread of cryptocurrency appears very small. That is owing in part to the relative infancy of the cryptocurrency world, but if crypto is to see adoption on the scale necessary to compete with traditional forms of money both physical and digital, then blockchain-based financial platforms need to have, as their primary quality, ease of use for the most amount of people worldwide. Only then will the crypto world see the adoption necessary for blockchain to fulfill its revolutionary potential.
Qyno financial ecosystem has, at the core of its mission, the adoption of worldwide users in mind and as such has created a platform for the people. Access to Qyno is global, painless, and offers financial mobility unlike other platforms past or present. Bank account withdrawals and deposits are core functions of the Qyno ecosystem, and ease of these two functions are blended into every Qyno tool available.
Because bank deposits are a key factor in financial access globally, the Qyno development team has studied and developed a proof of concept relating to integrating this functionality into the Qyno blockchain with excellent results. Qyno bank deposits are being enabled to function with different accounts such as checking, savings, time deposit, and call deposit accounts.
Financial Products on the Blockchain Traditional financial systems are more than just payment solutions; they're entire ecosystems aimed at capturing all of the financial activity present in society. The difference between traditional and blockchain based financial systems is that traditional, or centralized systems, rely on third parties for processing data and require high financial upkeep for executives, presidents, and trustees. Decentralized, blockchain based solutions such as Qyno are able to capture the same financial ecosystem without any of the costs associated with third parties, CEO's, or brick and mortar locations. Because of this, Qyno is able to offer users and merchants alike eCommerce solutions at fractions of the traditional costs.
Qyno Foundation The Qyno team is concurrently developing functionalities in addition to current milestones as part of the Qyno foundation protocol. The allocation of development resources to research means the Qyno team is perpetually refining and advancing its product for the ease and adoption of users worldwide.
EXCHANGE LIST
Binance
Huobi
Kucoin
Bibox
Qryptos
Satoexchange
BIGone
Bitrue
Bilaxy
Bit-Z
Linkcoin
SECURE WALLET
Ledgerwallet
Trezor
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MASSIMI HASH RATE BTC \ BINANCE USA FONDAMENTALE PER LE ALTCOIN #614 Binance Hack 7000 Bitcoin BTC gestohlen, Crypto durch Gold gedeckt & Bitmains Mining Power Abs O que é um hash? (bitcoin / blockchain) - YouTube BREAKING NEWS!!! PROOF: BITCOIN MANIPULATED BY BINANCE AND COINBASE!! IS $8'500 THE TARGET!!? Binance Launches Crypto Mining Pool Amid Centralization Concerns How to Deposit Bitcoin To Binance Sinhala O que é o Blockchain (#1) - Código Hash Bitcoin Magazine Presents the Final Table for the Binance Charity Poker game 5/15 Binance With Credit Card, Coinbase New York Coins, Bitcoin Hash Rate & Bitcoin Price Recovery The Bitcoin Group #233 - Binance Trouble - John Nash ...

Table of Contents. Tracking the Times That CZ From Binance Has Stated Withdrawals Will Be Open There was a notable increase in BTC’s mining hash rate recorded as the mining event approaches. It seems that the miners are trying to acquire more coins before the event as we are reading in the Bitcoin news below.. Bitcoin’s major price drop last month resulted in a huge mining drop and the less-efficient rigs became unprofitable. Binance DigiByte Listing. Binance is currently the second-largest exchange on the Brave New Coin Exchanges tracking page with a daily recorded trading volume of just over US$1.6 Billion. This string is known as a hash. Only the computer that correctly guesses the hash can add the block to the chain. Proof-of-work requires computational power and the process is neither quick or cheap. To cheat the network would require so much of an investment that it is not financially viable for someone to try and amend the blockchain. This is the main security feature of the Bitcoin (and ... The most prominent example was the fork between Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash in August 2017 along with the Bitcoin Cash fork, resulting in the “hash-war” in November 2018. The table below describes key similarities and differences between Bitcoin (BTC), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), and Bitcoin SV (BSV) 3. The public key hash is what we know as a Bitcoin address today. The second benefit is that public key hashes could provide an additional layer of security against quantum computing . Because our public key is not known until we spend the funds, it’s even more difficult for others to compute the private key. Binance was not a big name in the surface of cryptocurrency until 2017. Due to a very less amount of trading fee and success of its native token BNB, Binance earned a very good brand name and the CEO of Binance’s CZ’s story inspires a lot of people to come in this surface and let them enjoy the joy of the success of crypto community. Holochain intends to be an "agent-centric" open-source framework for building distributed peer-to-peer applications. Holochain relies on two different levels, a global level that is built as a validating distributed hash-table and a local level, where every dApp or smart contract has its own database with its own validation rules (i.e., 'DNA') including the optional choice of a consensus ... Table of Contents. Futures contracts were initially created for commodities to avoid future risks by fixing prices ahead of time and settling the deal at a predetermined date. The method was adopted by other assets and has reached the cryptocurrency space when Chicago-based CME and Cboe exchanges launched Bitcoin futures in 2017. During the last few years, many traditional cryptocurrency ... bitcoin defends $13,000, but its next move is uncertain Amid a wild year filled with economic uncertainty and pandemic concerns, the crypto industry’s top asset, bitcoin (BTC), has posted a ...

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MASSIMI HASH RATE BTC \ BINANCE USA FONDAMENTALE PER LE ALTCOIN

WCN T-Shirts: http://worldcryptonetwork.store/ Donate Bitcoin: 3NqhJSAikoFiYmZm3ACGzdw9Lr86ZiLT7K Join our New Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wcn Subscribe... Binance Pool has received mixed responses from the crypto community, with some commentators expressing concerns that Binance's pool will result in a further centralization of Bitcoin ( BTC ) hash ... Nesta apresentação você vai entender o que é um hash. https://tribocrypto.com/t/video-o-que-e-um-hash/134 Hashes criptográficos são utilizados dentro da bloc... Heute geht's um folgende Themen: Binance gehackt – 7.000 Bitcoin (BTC) gestohlen, Sprott CEO Bullish bzgl. Blockchain gedecktem Gold & Bitmains Mining Power stark gesunken. Blockchain gedecktem ... Bitcoin Magazine Presents the Final Table for the Binance Charity Poker game 5/15 #bitcoin #twitter #crypto #interest #stockmarket #recession #bearmarket #bullmarket #davincij15 #mmcrypto #btc #bitcoinprice #bitcointoday #crash #economy #inflation #ecb #fed #federalreserve # ... Vídeo #1 da série "O que é o Blockchain", sobre o código HASH, um dos principais constituintes da tecnologia do Blockchain. Existem muitos videos sobre bitcoins e outras criptomoedas mas ... Binance With Credit Card, Coinbase New York Coins, Bitcoin Hash Rate & Bitcoin Price Recovery The Modern Investor. Loading... Unsubscribe from The Modern Investor? Cancel Unsubscribe. Working ... Bitcoin Sinhala Tutorials: https://bitcoinsinhala.com අද video එකෙන් කතා කරන්නෙ binance exchange එකට කොහොමද bitcoin deposit කරන්නෙ ... #criptovalute #accriptovalute #bitcoin come funziona #btc #altcoin #binance #investire #guadagnare #il bitcoin L'hash rate del BTC ha raggiunto nuovi massimi è un buon segno ? Binance USA per ...

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